Low sperm count in men, causes and how to increase sperm count
Low sperm count – If you’re a man of reasonable age, you ought to have come across this word “Low sperm count” at certain points of your biological or social advancement.
It won’t be an over statement to attribute low sperm count as a communal name whatsoever. In view of this, I wish to discuss this topic from a very realistic, biological, psychological and humanitarian point of view.
What do you actually mean by “Low sperm count?”
This is a health situation which suggests, the fluid or semen a male adult ejaculates/ejects during orgasm in sexual activity has a fewer number of sperm than necessary. This process can as well be referred to as “Oligospermia.”
It has been proved by scientific/biological basis, that a male adult experience this sexual deform when a sperm has less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen.
A study asserts that men over the past few decades have become increasingly infertile, this has gone to an extent that within a generation men may lose the ability to reproduce entirely.
There has always been evidence that men are at higher risk of early death, the male die younger than the female on an average of about five years according to Mastodon Stomping report, this is however not unconnected with this as well.
A group of researchers from a Hebrew University and Mount Sinai Medical school published a study showing that sperm counts in the US, Europe, Australia, New Zealand and Africa have fallen by more than 50% over the last four decades.
There are however studies suggesting that the trend could be worldwide. It then becomes safe to say we are producing half the sperm our grandfathers did in its entirety and that’s retrogression in reproductive ability.
What are symptoms of low sperm count?
The most prevalent symptom of low sperm count is the inability to conceive a child.
In most men, an underlying problem like an inherent chromosomal abnormality, a hormonal imbalance, dilated testicular veins or a condition that blocks the passage of the sperm may cause signs and symptoms.
The symptoms of low sperm count might include but not limited to:
Ø Problems with sexual performance e.g difficulty maintaining an erection or low sex drive
Ø Pain, swelling or lumps in the testicle
Ø Decreased facial or body hair or other signs of Chromosome or hormone abnormality
Causes of low sperm count in human
Medically, the production of sperm is a complex process that requires normal functioning of the testicles as well as the hypothalamus and pituitary glands (organs in your brain responsible for hormones that trigger sperm production.
Once the sperm are produced in the testicles, delicate tubes transport them to enable a mix with semen as well ejaculated out of the penis.
If any of the aforementioned system has problem, it can affect the production of sperm.
To add to this is a problem of abnormal sperm shape, movement or function.
Aside that, there are medic al causes of low sperm count which include:
Ø Varicocele: This is the swelling of the vein that drains the testicle. It’s the most common reversible cause of male infertility. Medically, the exact reason why Varicocele cause infertility is unknown. Some suggests it could be related to abnormal testicular temperature regulation, this results in overall quality of sperm.
Ø Certain medications: Testosterone replacement therapy, long term anabolic steroid use, cancer medications, certain antifungal and antibiotics medications, some ulcer medications and a number of other medications can impair sperm production and decrease male fertility.
Ø Surgeries: Certain surgeries might prevent you from having sperm in your ejaculate, including vasectomy, inguinal hernia repairs, scrotal or testicular surgeries, prostate surgeries and large abdominal surgeries performed for testicular and rectal cancers, among others.
Ø Celiac disease: A digestive disorder caused by sensitivity to gluten, celiac disease can cause male infertility. Fertility may improve after adopting a gluten-free diet.
Ø Chromosome defects: Inherent disorders such as Klinefelter’s syndrome, in which a male is born with two X chromosomes and one Y chromosomes, instead of one X and one Y cause abnormal development of the male reproductive organs.
Ø Defect of tubules that transport sperm:Many different tubules carry sperm, they could blocked due to a number of causes which include inadvertent injury from surgery, prior infections, trauma or abnormal development, such as with cystic fibrosis or similar inherited conditions.
Ø Undescended testicles: During fetal development one or more both testicles sometimes fail to descend from the abdomen into the sac that normally contains or houses the testicles. Decreased fertility is more likely in men with this condition.
Ø Tumors: Cancers and nonmalignant tumors can affect the male reproductive organs directly, through the glands that release hormone related to reproduction.
Ø Infection: Some infections will inhibit sperm production, its health or scarring that blocks the passage of the sperm, this include inflammation of epididymis and some sexually transmitted infections like HIV or gonorrhea etc.
It becomes necessary to show you how to boost sperm count for a healthy sexual living.
1. Take D-Aspartic Acid Supplements
D-aspartic acid (D-AA) is a form of aspartic acid, a type of amino acid that’s sold as a dietary supplement. It should not be confused with L-aspartic acid, which makes up the structure of many proteins and is far more common than D-AA.
D-AA is mainly present in certain glands, such as the testicles, as well as in semen and sperm cells. Researchers believe that D-AA is implicated in male fertility. In fact, D-AA levels are significantly lower in infertile men than fertile men.
This is supported by studies showing that D-AA supplements may increase levels of testosterone, the male sex hormone that plays an essential role in male fertility. For instance, an observational study in infertile men suggested that taking 2.66 grams of D-AA for three months increased their testosterone levels by 30–60% and sperm count and motility by 60–100%.
The number of pregnancies also increased among their partners. Additionally, a controlled study in healthy men showed that taking 3 grams of D-AA supplements daily for two weeks increased testosterone levels by 42%. If you are interested in trying a d-aspartic acid supplement, there is a good selection available on Amazon.
However, the evidence is not entirely consistent. Studies in athletes or strength-trained men with normal to high testosterone levels found that D-AA didn’t increase its levels further and even reduced them at high doses.
Taken together, the current evidence indicates that D-AA supplements may improve fertility in men with low testosterone levels, while they don’t consistently provide additional benefits in men with normal to high levels. Further studies need to investigate the potential long-term risks and benefits of D-AA supplements in humans.
2. Exercise Regularly
Exercising not only improves your confidence and physical performance — it may also raise your testosterone levels. Studies show that men who exercise regularly have higher testosterone levels and better semen quality than men who are inactive.
However, you should avoid too much exercise, as it may have the opposite effect and potentially reduce testosterone levels. Adequate zinc intake can minimize this risk. If you rarely exercise but want to improve your fertility, becoming more physically activeshould be one of your top priorities.
3. Get Enough Vitamin C
Oxidative stress is when levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) reach harmful levels in the body. It happens when the body’s own antioxidant defenses are overwhelmed because of disease, old age, an unhealthy lifestyle or environmental pollutants.
ROS are constantly being produced in the body, but their levels are kept in check in healthy people. High levels of ROS may promote tissue injury and inflammation, increasing the risk of chronic disease.
There is also some evidence that oxidative stress and excessively high levels of ROS may lead to infertility in men. Adequate intake of antioxidants, such as vitamin C, may help counteract some of these harmful effects. There is also some evidence that vitamin C supplements may improve semen quality.
A study in infertile men showed that taking 1,000-mg vitamin C supplements twice a day for up to two months increased sperm motility by 92% and sperm count by more than 100%. It also reduced the proportion of deformed sperm cells by 55%.
Another observational study in Indian industrial workers suggested that taking 1,000 mg of vitamin C five times a week for three months may protect against DNA damage caused by ROS in sperm cells.
Vitamin C supplements also significantly improved sperm count and motility, while reducing the numbers of deformed sperm cells. Taken together, these findings suggest that vitamin C may help improve fertility in infertile men suffering from oxidative stress.However, controlled studies are needed before any definite claims can be made.
4. Relax and Minimize Stress
Stress may reduce your sexual satisfaction and impair your fertility. Researchers believe the hormone cortisol may partly explain these adverse effects of stress. Prolonged stress raises levels of cortisol, which has strong negative effects on testosterone.
When cortisol goes up, testosterone levels tend to go down. While severe, unexplained anxiety is typically treated with medication, milder forms of stress can be alleviated by numerous relaxation techniques. Stress management can be as simple as taking awalk in nature, meditating, exercising or spending time with friends.
5. Get Enough Vitamin D
Vitamin D is another nutrient that may boost your testosterone levels. One observational study showed that vitamin D-deficient men were more likely to have low testosterone levels. A controlled study in 65 men with low testosterone levels and vitamin D deficiencysupported these findings.
Taking 3,000 IU of vitamin D3 every day for one year increased their testosterone levels by around 25%. Additionally, high vitamin D levels are linked to greater sperm motility, but the evidence is conflicting.
Low sperm count does not spell an end to your existence as a man, you still have better opportunities to turn the tides in your favor. Kindly adhere to the suggested guidelines above and start living a happier life.